Recap 05 Old Testament Survey (Leviticus) 1-11-18

Dear BTCL Class,

Assignment for Thursday, January 18th, 2018:

  • Have the book of Numbers and manual pages 57-62 read before class.
  • Review the chart on Numbers on page 58
  • Complete at least one of the Central Truth assignments on page 61 of your manual and send it to me via e-mail

Thank you for your work on Leviticus as we studied the book concerning “the Israelite believer’s worship and walk before their holy God.” As one commentator said, “it was the first book studied by a Jewish child, yet is often one of the last books of the Bible to be studied by a Christian”.

We noted that in Hebrews, the concepts of atonement and sacrifice for sin in the New Testament are grounded in the Old Testament. Certainly, “the New Testament in the Old concealed, the Old in the New revealed”.

Recap of Leviticus sometimes known as “Exodus…the Sequel”, or in Walk Thru the Bible terms, “Offerings and Feasts … Levites and Priests”:

Our goals for the night:

  • that we understand the significance of the priesthood and the sacrificial system
  • that we treat God as holy and live as holy people
  • that we worship the Lord Jesus for his sacrifice for us

In terms of the ongoing story line of the journey of the children of Israel from bondage in Egypt to freedom and possession of the Promised Land of Canaan, Leviticus is a “break in the action” where at Sinai the Hebrews are given instructions on worshipping the LORD and walking uprightly before him. They spend close to a year (11 months and 5 or 6 days for the exact amoung us) at Sinai; in terms of the biblical text, from Exodus 19:1 until Numbers 10:11.

Big Idea of chapters 1-10: The worship of the LORD required right-standing before Him; this right-standing was gained by blood sacrifice administered by the priesthood.

Big Idea of chapters 16-27: God’s people were to be a separated people who walked uprightly before Him. In this section is the day of atonement, or “Yom Kippur”, the day of covering.

Key passage for the book: Lev.18:1-5

Key verse for the book: Lev.19:2 “Be Holy for I the LORD your God am holy.”

Hebrews 10:19-25 shows the application for us as New Testament believers. In Hebrews, because of our confident direct access we have through the sacrifice of Christ, our great high priest, we are exhorted to:

  • draw near to God
  • hold to the hope we profess
  • consider how to spur one another to love and good deeds
  • not forsake meeting together
  • encourage one another.

Additional Resources:

THE PURPOSE OF THE SACRIFICIAL SYSTEM and REGULATIONS

Further commentary on slavery in the Old Testament

Lord willing, I look forward to seeing you on Thursday, January 18th. Keep up the good work!

Kevin

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